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[1]李笑媛,陈润芍,许安妮,等.川芎对镉、铅及其复合处理的生理响应[J].应用与环境生物学报,2019,25(02):321-327.[doi:10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2018.05022]
 LI Xiaoyuan,CHEN Runshao,XU Anni,et al.Physiological response to cadmium, lead, and their combination stress in Ligusticum chuanxiong Hort.[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2019,25(02):321-327.[doi:10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2018.05022]
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川芎对镉、铅及其复合处理的生理响应
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《应用与环境生物学报》[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

卷:
25卷
期数:
2019年02期
页码:
321-327
栏目:
研究论文
出版日期:
2019-04-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
Physiological response to cadmium, lead, and their combination stress in Ligusticum chuanxiong Hort.
作者:
李笑媛陈润芍许安妮余路路王新厦曾建
1四川农业大学资源学院 成都 611130 2四川农业大学资源与地理信息技术研究所 成都 611130
Author(s):
LI Xiaoyuan1 CHEN Runshao1 XU Anni1 YU Lulu1 WANG Xinxia1 & ZENG Jian1 2**
1 College of Resources, Sichuan Agricultural University, Chengdu 611130, China 2 Institute of Natural Resources and Geographic Information Technology, Sichuan Agricultural University, Chengdu 611130, China
关键词:
重金属川芎光合作用富集能力次生代谢产物
Keywords:
heavy metal Ligusticum chuanxiong photosynthesis accumulative ability secondary metabolite
分类号:
Q945.78
DOI:
10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2018.05022
摘要:
选取四川道地产区的川芎(Ligusticum chuanxiong Hort.)为研究材料,采用盆栽控制进行模拟镉(Cd)、铅(Pb)及其复合处理实验,研究重金属在川芎体内的吸收和分配规律,探讨Cd、Pb及其复合处理下川芎的生理响应机制. 实验包括4个处理,分别为对照处理(0 mg/kg Cd和0 mg/kg Pb)、镉处理(5 mg/kg Cd)、铅处理(500 mg/kg Pb)及其复合处理(5 mg/kg Cd + 500 mg/kg Pb). 结果表明,Pb主要富集在根部,而Cd富集在根部与根茎;Pb促进了Cd从地下部向地上部的转移,但抑制了Cd在根茎和叶片中的富集,复合处理显著降低了川芎根茎和地上部分Cd的积累. 与对照处理相比,Cd、Pb单一处理抑制了川芎叶片的光合作用,显著降低了净光合速率(Pn)、气孔导度(Gs)、胞间CO2浓度(Ci)、蒸腾速率(Tr)、叶绿素a(Chla)、叶片瞬时水分利用效率和根系活力,其中Cd处理对植株的胁迫相较于Pb处理负面影响更加显著. 与Cd处理相比,复合处理显著提高了植株的实际光化学量子产量(YII)和光化学淬灭(qP),降低了非光化学淬灭(NPQ),川芎叶片具有更强的光合潜力. 在次生代谢产物合成中,Cd处理显著降低根茎中阿魏酸和川芎嗪含量,Pb处理显著降低根茎中藁本内酯含量;相较于Cd单一处理,复合处理显著增加了根茎中阿魏酸的含量. 本研究表明川芎受到Pb处理的毒害效应弱于Cd处理;复合处理下,川芎通过提高叶片的光合潜力、水分利用效率和根系活力缓解重金属的毒害;结果可为评价川芎遭受重金属污染风险提供科学依据. (图4 表6 参32)
Abstract:
Ligusticum chuanxiong Hort. from geo-authentic habitats in Sichuan province of China was selected as the research material in this study. Pot experiments were used to simulate cadmium (Cd), lead (Pb), and their combined treatments to investigate the absorption and distribution characteristics of heavy metals, and to reveal the physiological response of L. chuanxiong to heavy metal stress. Four treatments were utilized in this study, including the control treatment (0 mg/kg Cd and 0 mg/kg Pb), cadmium treatment (5 mg/kg Cd), lead treatment (500 mg/kg Pb), and their combined treatment (5 mg/kg Cd + 500 mg/kg Pb). The results showed that Pb was mainly concentrated in the roots, whereas Cd was enriched in the roots and rhizomes. Pb promoted the transfer of Cd from the underground to the aboveground parts of the plant; however, it inhibited the enrichment of Cd in the rhizomes and leaves. In the combined treatment, the accumulation of Cd in the rhizome and aboveground parts of L. chuanxiong was significantly reduced. Compared with the control treatment, the Cd and Pb treatments significantly decreased the net photosynthetic rate (Pn), stomatal conductance (Gs), intercellular CO2 concentration (Ci), transpiration rate (Tr), leaf instantaneous chlorophyll a content, water use efficiency, and root activity in L. chuanxiong. Furthermore, the stress effect of the Cd treatment was more significant than that of the Pb treatment. Compared with the Cd treatment, the photosynthetic potential of L. chuanxiong was improved under the combined treatment by increasing the actural photochemical yield (YII) and photochemical quenching (qp), and decreasing the non-photochemical quenching (NPQ). For secondary metabolite synthesis, the Cd treatment significantly decreased ferulic acid and tetramethylpyrazine content in rhizomes, whereas the Pb treatment significantly decreased ligustilide content. Their combination resulted in a significantly higher ferulic acid content in the rhizomes than that of the Cd treatment only. These results indicate that the toxicity of Pb was weaker than that of Cd in L. chuanxiong. Under the combined treatment, L. chuanxiong could alleviate heavy metal toxicity by increasing the photosynthetic potential of leaves, water use efficiency, and root activity.

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更新日期/Last Update: 2019-04-25