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 JIANG Wanxiang,FU Xiaocheng,TANG Tao,et al.Community Structure and Niche of Macroinvertebrates in the Xiangxi River in Hubei, China[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2009,15(03):337-341.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2009.00337]





Community Structure and Niche of Macroinvertebrates in the Xiangxi River in Hubei, China
1中国科学院水生生物研究所淡水生态与生物技术国家重点实验室 武汉 430072
2枣庄学院生命科学系 枣庄 277160
JIANG WanxiangFU XiaochengTANG TaoCAI Qinghua
1State Key Laboratory of Freshwater Ecology and Biotechnology, Institute of Hydrobiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan 430072, China
2Department of Life Sciences, Zaozhuang University, Zaozhuang 277160, Shandong, China
Xiangxi River macroinvertebrate niche breadth niche overlap community structure
摘 要 2005年7月~2006年6月对三峡水库湖北库区最大支流香溪河的大型底栖动物进行定量采集,并对所得数据进行了数理统计分析及生态位分析. 结果表明,香溪河水系大型底栖动物物种丰富度在不同季节、不同支流间差异均显著;密度在各季节间差异显著. 四节蜉、高翔蜉、锯形蜉、朝大蚊和扁蜉生态位较宽;Tetropina sp.、短尾石蝇、黑蝇生态位较窄. 四节蜉、高翔蜉、锯形蜉、朝大蚊与其它分类单元生态位重叠值较大,黑蝇、短尾石蝇、直突摇蚊、Tetropina sp.与其它分类单元生态位重叠值较小. 相对丰度和生态位宽度对生态位重叠值有重要影响. 大型底栖动物主要通过在资源位上的分布、生态位重叠值大小,以及摄食类群和生活型等的差异缓解竞争. 图2 表5 参25
Abstract Macroinvertebrates were quantitatively investigated in the Xiangxi River, the largest tributary in Hubei portion of the Three-Gorge Reservoir, from July 2005 to June 2006. The data and niche were analyzed, and the results showed that species richness was significantly different among seasons and tributaries of the Xiangxi River, and density was significantly different among seasons. Beatis sp., Epeorus sp., Serratella sp., Antocha sp. and Heptagenia sp. had large niche breadths, while Tetropina sp., Nemoura sp. and Simulium sp. had narrow niche breadths. The total niche overlaps of Beatis sp., Epeorus sp., Serratella sp. and Antocha sp. were high, but those of Simulium sp., Nemoura sp., Orthcladius sp. and Tetropina sp. were low. The niche overlap was significantly impacted by niche breadth and relative abundance. Distribution, niche overlap, the functional feeding groups and habit/behavior groups were the main way for them to allay their competition. Fig 2, Tab 5, Ref 25


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*国家自然科学基金重点项目(Nos. 30330140, 40671197)、中国科学院知识创新工程重要方向项目(No. KZCX2-YW-427)和国家重点基础研究发展规划项目(“973”项目,No. 2002CB412300)资助 Supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 30330140, 40671197), the Knowledge Innovation Project of Chinese Academy of Sciences (No. KZCX2-YW-427) and the National Key Basic R & D Program of China (“973” Program, No. 2002CB412300)
**通讯作者 Corresponding author (E-mail: qhcai@ihb.ac.cn)
更新日期/Last Update: 2009-07-03