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[1]刘 闯 赵 莹** 习慧君 郭康迪 洪坤奇 文才艺**.河南省不同类型土壤可培养放线菌多样性及拮抗活性菌株的筛选*[J].应用与环境生物学报,2019,25(02):1-11.[doi:10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2018.06034]
 LIU Chuang,ZHAO Ying**,XI Huijun,et al.Diversity of culturable actinomycetes in different types of soil in Henan Province and screening of antagonistic strains*[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2019,25(02):1-11.[doi:10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2018.06034]
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河南省不同类型土壤可培养放线菌多样性及拮抗活性菌株的筛选*()
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《应用与环境生物学报》[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

卷:
25卷
期数:
2019年02期
页码:
1-11
栏目:
研究论文
出版日期:
2019-04-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
Diversity of culturable actinomycetes in different types of soil in Henan Province and screening of antagonistic strains*
文章编号:
201806034
作者:
刘 闯 赵 莹** 习慧君 郭康迪 洪坤奇 文才艺**
河南农业大学植物保护学院 郑州 450002
Author(s):
LIU Chuang ZHAO Ying** XI Huijun GUO Kangdi HONG Kunqi WEN Caiyi**
College of Plant Protection, Henan Agricultural University, Zhengzhou 450002, China
关键词:
放线菌多样性分离培养拮抗活性
Keywords:
actinomycetes diversity isolate and culture antagonistic activity
DOI:
10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2018.06034
摘要:
分别从河南省濮阳、南阳、信阳、三门峡和商丘等地区采集潮土、黄棕壤、水稻土、褐土、盐碱土等土壤样品45份,采用8种不同的分离培养基对土壤放线菌进行分离和培养;通过16S rRNA基因序列分析对可培养放线菌进行分类鉴定;以7种植物病原菌为靶标,通过对峙培养筛选拮抗活性菌株,并对具有拮抗活性菌株的次级代谢产物合成相关基因进行了初步筛查。结果表明,从5种类型土壤中分离得到放线菌分离物955株,分布于放线菌门的10个目,12个科,17个属,包含626个物种,其中9个分离物为潜在的新种;分离物中链霉菌属菌株751株,占分离菌株的78.64%,为最主要的优势菌属,稀有放线菌204株,占21.36%;不同类型土壤放线菌的分离频率存在一定的差异,其中褐土分离的放线菌数量最多,水稻土的分离数量最少,但是各类型土壤分离的可培养放线菌在属水平上差异不大;筛选获得对植物病原菌有拮抗活性的菌株392株,占总分离物的41%,其中,链霉菌332株,占总拮抗活性菌株的84.7%,稀有放线菌60株,占总拮抗活性菌株的15.3%,且多数活性菌株含有多种生物活性物质合成相关的功能基因。由此可见,河南省土壤放线菌多样性丰富,并蕴藏丰富的稀有放线菌和拮抗活性放线菌资源,具有发掘放线菌新物种和新活性化合物的潜力。图4表6参33
Abstract:
To investigate the diversity of culturable actinomycetes in different types of soil in Henan Province, and screen active actinomycete strains with biocontrol potentiality on plant diseases, 45 soil samples, including fluvo-aquic soil, yellow-brown soil, paddy soil, cinnamon soil, saline-alkali soil, were collected from different districts of Puyang, Nanyang, Xinyang, Sanmenxia and Shangqiu, respectively. Culturable actinomycete strains were isolated by eight differen t separation mediums. B ased on the systematic analysis of 16S rRNA gene sequence, the isolated strains were classified and identified. A ntagonistic activity strains were screened by means of dual culture used s even kinds of plant pathogenic fungi as targets , and preliminary screening of genes related to secondary metabolite synthesis of antagonistic strains were conducted. Totally 955 strains of actinomycete isolates were isolated from 45 soil samples of 5 types of soil, distributed in 10 orders, 12 families and 17 genera, including 626 operational taxonomic units (OTUs), which contained 9 putative species . Among the isolates, 751 strains, accounted for 78.64% belong to the most dominant genus , Streptomyces . 204 rare actinomycetes, were accounted for 21.36%. There existed some differences in screening frequency of actinomycetes among the different types soil , in which t he number of actinomycetes isolated from cinnamon soil were the largest, and that from paddy soil were the least. However, the culturable actinomycetes strains isolated from different types of soil were not s ignificantly different at genus level. 392 strains with antagonistic activity against plant pathogens were obtained, accounted for 41% of total isolates, among witch 332 strains were Streptomyces, accounted for 84.7% of the total antagonistic strains, and the left of 60 strains were rare actinomycetes, accounted for 15.3% , moreover,the vast majority of active strains contained multiple functional genes involved in the synthesis of biologically active substances. Different types of soil in Henan province contain a high diversity of actinomycetes, and the multiple soils are rich in rare actinomycetes and antagonistic actinomycetes resources,which prove to have great potential of novel actinomycetes species and new active compounds.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期: 2018-06-26 接受日期 Accepted: 2018-07-11
*河南省自然科学基金项目(162300410136)和公益性行业(农业)科研专项(201503110)资助?
**通讯作者(E-mail: wencaiyi1965@163.com; nying2009@126.com)
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