|本期目录/Table of Contents|

[1]牛莉芹.人类干扰对五台山森林群落结构的影响*[J].应用与环境生物学报,2019,25(02):1-22.[doi:10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2018.06027]
 NIU Liqin.Effects of anthropogenic disturbance on forest community structure in Wutai Mountain, China[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2019,25(02):1-22.[doi:10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2018.06027]
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人类干扰对五台山森林群落结构的影响*()
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《应用与环境生物学报》[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

卷:
25卷
期数:
2019年02期
页码:
1-22
栏目:
研究论文
出版日期:
2019-04-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
Effects of anthropogenic disturbance on forest community structure in Wutai Mountain, China
文章编号:
201806027
作者:
牛莉芹
山西财经大学环境经济学院 太原 030006
Author(s):
NIU Liqin
?College of Environment Economics, Shanxi University of Finance & Economics, Taiyuan 030006, China
关键词:
人类干扰 群落结构 生活型 生态型 相似系数
Keywords:
Anthropogenic disturbance community structure life-form ecotypes similarity coefficient
DOI:
10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2018.06027
摘要:
为识别人类干扰对森林群落结构的影响,以五台山旅游活动干扰区以及非干扰区为研究区域,通过样方设置及生态学调查取样,从植物种科属特性、生活型、生态型以及群落结构等方面探讨两个不同研究区域森林群落的生态差异。结果表明:(1)旅游干扰区出现的属和植物种数明显大于非干扰区。(2)两个不同研究区域植物属和种均是温带分布类型所占比例最高,且旅游干扰区植物种区系成分相对复杂。(3)高位芽植物在非干扰区占优势,比例最高达75%,地上芽、地面芽和一年生植物在干扰区占优势;中生植物在两个不同区域中均占有明显生态优势。(4)从群落-Ⅷ,生境质量逐渐提高,灌木层发生“从无到有”的变化。从群落-XIII,植被向顶级群落演替,灌木层发生“从有到无”的变化。21个主要生态优势种在两个不同区域均呈现集群分布特性。(5)两个不同研究区域群落间存在明显生态差异。总体来说,过度旅游活动导致森林群落生境质量有一定程度的下降,但适度干扰却使植物种丰富度增加。(图3 表6 参65)
Abstract:
To understand the effect of anthropogenic disturbance on forest community structure, some quadrats and ecological samples including the plant species families, genera, flora, life form, ecological form and community structure were conducted in tourism disturbed region and undisturbed region in Wutai mountains to discuss the ecological differences of forest community. The results showed that: (1) The number of genera and plant species found in the disturbed region were more richer than that in undisturbed region. (2) Plant genera and species of temperate distribution types had a high proportion in both disturbed and undisturbed region, and the flora were more complex in disturbed region. (3) The phanerophytes were dominant and its proportions were 75% in the maximum in the undisturbed region, however in the disturbed region, chamaephytes, hemicryptophytes and therophytes displayed ecological dominance. At the same time, the mesophytes were obvious dominant in both two regions. (4) From community Ⅰ to community Ⅷ, the habitat became good gradually and shrub layers changed from nothing to something. From community Ⅸ to community XIII, the variation of shrub layers was adverse as that in disturbed region accompany with communities succession to a climax. 21 ecological dominant species showed the characteristics of cluster distribution in both regions. (5) The ecological differences of communities were significant between different regions. In summary, the habitat of community declined under the excessive tourism action, however, it was beneficial to the increase of plant species richness under moderate tourism disturbance. ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期: 2018-06-20 接受日期 Accepted: 2018-07-19
*国家自然科学基金项目(41571141)、山西省高等学校人文社会科学研究基地项目(2017332)和教育部人文社会科学研究规划基金项目(14YJA630005)资助?
**通讯作者(E-mail: nlq1976@126.com)
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更新日期/Last Update: 2018-08-30