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[1]巩子毓 斯天任 孙逸飞 王东升 王 蓓 李 荣** 沈其荣.田间连续应用生物育苗基质育苗增加设施黄瓜产量*[J].应用与环境生物学报,2018,24(05):1-9.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2017.12019]
 GONG Ziyu,Si Tianren SUN Yifei,WANG Dongsheng,et al.Continuous application of bio-nursery substance for nursing seedlings improved greenhouse cucumber yield*[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2018,24(05):1-9.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2017.12019]
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田间连续应用生物育苗基质育苗增加设施黄瓜产量*()
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《应用与环境生物学报》[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

卷:
24卷
期数:
2018年05期
页码:
1-9
栏目:
研究论文
出版日期:
2018-10-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
Continuous application of bio-nursery substance for nursing seedlings improved greenhouse cucumber yield*
文章编号:
201712019
作者:
巩子毓12 斯天任1 孙逸飞1 王东升13 王 蓓13 李 荣1** 沈其荣1
1江苏省固体有机废弃物资源化高技术研究重点实验室,国家有机类肥料工程技术研究中心,江苏省有机固体废弃物资源化协同创新中心,南京农业大学资源与环境科学学院 南京 210095
2环境保护部南京环境科学研究所 南京 210042
3南京市蔬菜科学研究所 南京 210042
Author(s):
GONG Ziyu12 Si Tianren1 SUN Yifei1 WANG Dongsheng13 WANG Bei13 LI Rong1** & SHEN Qirong1
1Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Solid Organic Waste Utilization, National Engineering Research Centre for Organic-based Fertilizer, Jiangsu Collaborative Innovation Centre for Solid Organic Waste Resource Utilization, Nanjing Agricultural University, College of Resources and Environmental Sciences, Nanjing 210095, China2 Nanjing Institute of Environmental Sciences, MEP, 210042, China3Nanjing institute of vegetable science, Nanjing 210042, China
关键词:
生物基质黄瓜产量土壤理化性质尖孢镰刀菌
Keywords:
bio-nursery substance cucumber yield soil physicochemical properties Fusarium oxysporum
DOI:
10.3724/SP.J.1145.2017.12019
摘要:
田间连续移栽由根际促生菌与普通育苗基质联合研制成的生物育苗基质育苗所育种苗,评估其增产效果能够为设施农业高产栽培和根际有益微生物作用的高效发挥提供实际指导和支撑。本研究通过田间试验,研究了连续5季,移栽含解淀粉芽胞杆菌SQR9生物育苗基质所育种苗,对设施黄瓜产量、生物量、土壤理化及尖孢镰刀菌数量的影响。结果显示:连续5季移栽生物育苗基质所育黄瓜种苗处理(OFNS)的黄瓜产量,每一季均高于移栽普通育苗基质所育黄瓜种苗对照(OF) 的产量,在第1、2、 3、4和5季,分别提高了2.74 %、4.35 %、5.95 %、15.14 %和11.07 %,且第4和5季产量间具有显著性差异。相比于OF处理,OFNS处理连续5季均提高了黄瓜的株高和茎粗,有效提高了土壤中速效钾、速效磷、电导率、全氮和总钾的含量,同时降低了土体土壤和根际土壤中尖孢镰刀菌的数量。研究表明,连续5季田间试验结果表明,移栽生物育苗基质所育种苗,能够有效促进黄瓜的生长和提高黄瓜的产量,研究结果能够为PGPR新产品的开发提供新的思路,同时为设施蔬菜高产栽培提供指导。图2表2参28
Abstract:
Objectives: Transformation of seedlings from bio-nursery substrate which is produced by combining plant growth promoting rhizobacteria with ordinary nursery substrate in the field to evaluate the yield enhancing effect can provide the practical guidance and support for high-yield planation in facility agriculture and for effective application of plant growth promoting rhizobacteria. Methods: In the present study, effects of transformation of cucumber seedlings from bio-nursery substrate produced by combining Bacillus amyloliquefaciens SQR9 and ordinary nursery substrate on the cucumber plant biomass, fruit yield, soil physiochemical properties and the Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cucumerinum number were investigated in five successive seasons in a plastic greenhouse. Results: Results showed that in the continuous 5 seasons, transformation of cucumber seedlings from bio-nursery substrate showed higher fruit yield as compared to the control transformed seedlings from the ordinary nursery substrate with the yield increased by 2.74 % 4.35 %, 5.95 %, 15.14 % and 11.07 % for the 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th and 5th seasons, respectively. In addition, significant differences were observed in the 4th and 5th seasons. During 5-seasonal experiments, compared to the control, OFNS treatment all improved the plant height and stem diameter, enhanced contents of available potassium, available phosphorus, EC, TN and TP in the soil, and reduced the number of F. oxysporum both in bulk and rhizosphere soils. To sum up, the 5-seasonal consecutive field experiment results indicated transformation of seedlings from bio-nursery substrate effectively promoted plant growth and enhanced fruits yields. Conclusions: The results will provide novel strategy for developing new PGPR products and supply technical support for high-yield plantation for greenhouse vegetable.

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 SHANG Qingmao,et al..Resistance of Cucumber Seedlings to Botrytis cinerea Induced by Exogenous Brassinolide Treatment[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2007,13(05):630.
[2]焦彦生,郭世荣 李娟 樊怀福 马蓉丽 黄保健**.钙调素拮抗剂W7对低氧胁迫下黄瓜幼苗根系生长和多胺动态变化的影响[J].应用与环境生物学报,2008,14(04):454.
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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2017-12-07 接受日期: 2018-01-02
*江苏省科技计划项目(BY2016077-05)、国家重点研发计划(2016YFE0101100和2016YFD0800605)、江苏高校品牌专业建设工程资助项目(PPZY2015A061)资助
**通讯作者(E-mail:lirong@njau.edu.cn)
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更新日期/Last Update: 2018-01-15