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[1]张 军 周丹丹** 吴 敏 储 刚 常兆峰 李芳芳 李顺有.生物炭对土壤硝化反硝化微生物群落的影响研究进展*[J].应用与环境生物学报,2018,24(05):1-10.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2017.11001]
 ZHANG Jun,ZHOU DanDan**,WU Min,et al.Advances in effects of biochar on soil nitrifying and denitrifying microbial community[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2018,24(05):1-10.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2017.11001]
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生物炭对土壤硝化反硝化微生物群落的影响研究进展*()
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《应用与环境生物学报》[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

卷:
24卷
期数:
2018年05期
页码:
1-10
栏目:
综述
出版日期:
2018-10-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
Advances in effects of biochar on soil nitrifying and denitrifying microbial community
文章编号:
201711001
作者:
张 军 周丹丹** 吴 敏 储 刚 常兆峰 李芳芳 李顺有
昆明理工大学环境科学与工程学院 昆明 650500
Author(s):
ZHANG Jun ZHOU DanDan** WU Min CHU Gang CHANG ZhaoFeng LI Fangfang & LI Shunyou
Faculty of Environmental Science and Engineering, Kunming University of Science and Technology, Kunming 650500, China
关键词:
生物炭硝化作用反硝化作用硝化细菌反硝化细菌
Keywords:
biochar nitrification denitrification nitrifying bacteria denitrifying bacteria
DOI:
10.3724/SP.J.1145.2017.11001
摘要:
生物炭因其具有发达的孔隙结构、丰富的表面官能团和无机矿物等特性,使其在控制农业面源污染和温室气体排放方面有着良好的应用前景。生物炭对氮循环微生物群落特征的影响是生物炭能否有效控制面源污染和改良土壤的核心问题。本文围绕生物炭对土壤氮循环微生物群落特征的影响,从生物炭的多元性、添加量和环境条件3个方面综述了生物炭对土壤硝化和反硝化微生物的影响研究进展。研究表明,高温热解生物炭对土壤氮循环微生物的积极作用要比低温热解生物炭效果好;生物炭原料来源、添加量对土壤氮循环微生物群落的影响存在较大差异;添加有机肥料要比常规化肥更能提高氮循环微生物碳源的利用能力及其活性;环境中的污染物如多环芳烃、酚类化合物和重金属等的存在不利于氮循环微生物的生存。随着分子生物技术的进步,未来应结合多种分子生态学技术和稳定同位素探针技术等手段研究生物炭对土壤氮循环微生物的影响机制,生物炭热解温度和添加量对土壤氮循环微生物的影响不容忽视,在长期的田间试验中应注意老化生物炭对污染物和氮循环微生物的影响。
Abstract:
Biochar has a good application prospect in controlling agricultural non-point source pollution and greenhouse gas emissions because of its well-developed pore structure, rich surface oxygen-containing functional groups, high ash content and rich inorganic minerals. The?effects of biochar on nitrogen cycling microbial community characteristics are the key problem about controlling the non-point source pollution and improvingsoil quality.?The results showed that the biochar with high temperature pyrolysis temperature had a better effect on soil nitrogen cycling microorganisms than the low temperature pyrolyzed biochar. The sources of biochar, the amount of added biochar and soil pH had a greater impact on soil nitrogen cycle microbial communities. The organic fertilizer could improve the carbon utilization and activity of nitrogen cycle microbial communities more than the conventional chemical fertilizers. Environmental pollutants such as polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, phenolic compounds and heavy metals are not conducive to the survival of nitrogen cycle microorganisms. With the progress of molecular biology technology, The future should be combined with a variety of molecular ecology techniques and stable isotope probe technology to study the impact of biochar on soil nitrogen cycle microorganisms. The influence of pyrolysis temperature and amount of biochar on soil nitrogen cycle microorganisms can not be ignored. The effect of aged biochar on pollutants and nitrogen cycle microorganisms should be noted in long-term field trials.

相似文献/References:

[1]何洁,刘长发,吴钰.三种载体上生物膜硝化作用动力学初步研究[J].应用与环境生物学报,2003,9(05):546.
 ZHONG Rong,et al..Spatialtemporal expression of fertility development in a novel Indica-Japonnica rice hybrid and sterile mutant—91FS[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2003,9(05):546.
[2]刘琳,孙庚,吴彦,等.季节性雪被对青藏高原东缘高寒草甸土壤氮矿化的影响[J].应用与环境生物学报,2011,17(04):453.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2011.00453]
 LIU Lin,SUN Geng,WU Yan,et al.Effect of Seasonal Snow Cover on Soil Nitrogen Mineralization in an Alpine Meadow on the Eastern Tibetan Plateau[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2011,17(05):453.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2011.00453]

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期: 2017-11-01 接受日期: 2018-01-09
*国家自然基金青年基金项目(41703121)和昆明理工大学人才启动经费(KKSY201722006)资助?
**通讯作者(E-mail: 01yongheng@163.com)
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更新日期/Last Update: 2018-02-12