|本期目录/Table of Contents|

[1]罗清虎,孙 凡,吴建召,等.泥石流频发流域物源区坡面植被群落特征*[J].应用与环境生物学报,2018,24(04):1-10.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2017.10017]
 LUO Qinghu,SUN Fan,et al.Analysis of vegetation community characteristics in the materials provenance slope of the area with high-frequency debris flow*[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2018,24(04):1-10.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2017.10017]
点击复制

泥石流频发流域物源区坡面植被群落特征*()
分享到:

《应用与环境生物学报》[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

卷:
24卷
期数:
2018年04期
页码:
1-10
栏目:
研究论文
出版日期:
2018-08-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
Analysis of vegetation community characteristics in the materials provenance slope of the area with high-frequency debris flow*
文章编号:
201710017
作者:
罗清虎1 2 孙 凡1 2 吴建召1 2 崔羽1 2 林勇明1 2** 王道杰3 吴承祯2 4
1 福建农林大学林学院 福州 350002
2 福建省高校森林生态系统过程与经营重点实验室 福州 350002
3 中国科学院水利部成都山地灾害与环境研究所 成都 640001
4 武夷学院生态与资源工程学院 南平 354300
Author(s):
LUO Qinghu1 2 SUN Fan1 2 WU Jianzhao1 2 CUI Yu1 2 LIN Yongming1 2 ** WANG Daojie3 & WU Chengzhen2 4
1College of ForestryFujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou 35000?
2, China 2Key Laboratory for Forest Ecosystem Process and Management of Fujian Province, Fuzhou 350002, China?
3 Institute of Mountain Hazards and Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences and Ministry of Water Conservancy, Chengdu 610041, China?
4College of Ecology and Resources Engineering, Wuyi University, Nanping 354300, China
关键词:
泥石流频发流域植被恢复群落特征物种多样性
Keywords:
the area with high-frequency debris flow vegetation restoration community characteristics species diversity
DOI:
10.3724/SP.J.1145.2017.10017
摘要:
为探讨泥石流频发流域物源区坡面的植被特征和物种多样性,以蒋家沟流域沟谷南坡、北坡坡面为研究对象,对不同坡位植被群落的结构特征和数量组成进行样方调查,统计分析了不同坡位群落的物种组成、重要值、物种多样性、地上地下生物量,并将地上地下生物量与多样性指数进行了相关性分析。结果表明:调查样地共发现植物49种,其中北坡33种,南坡23种,以草本植物为主,各坡位物种组成、重要值之间存在显著差异,主要受到演替初期先锋性草本植物的影响;扭黄茅、拟金茅、荩草、田菁的重要值相对较大,它们对泥石流频发流域物源区有较强的适应能力,为该地区的常见物种,可作为后期生态修复中的主要配置物种。不同坡位的群落特征和物种多样性存在差异,沟谷南坡shannon-wiener多样性指数表现为稳定区(2.311)>失稳区(2.161)>堆积区(2.036),北坡shannon-wiener多样性指数表现为堆积区(2.626)>稳定区(1.338)>失稳区(1.057)。生物量表现为稳定区>失稳区>堆积区,总体则为北坡高于南坡。基于以上分析结果,本研究认为泥石流频发流域物源区坡面的植被在自然恢复过程中,还应注重加强对坡面失稳区的防治与保护,对堆积区进行合理的整治,后期可以通过人工引种乡土乔灌植物丰富物种组成,促进植被恢复和植物群落垂直结构的发展。(表4图2参34)
Abstract:
In order to explore the vegetation characteristics and species diversity in the provenance slope of the area of high-frequency debris flow. We took the slope on the north and south sides of the valley in Jiangjiagou watershed as the research object. The structural characteristics and quantity composition of vegetation communities of different slope position were investigated. The species composition, important value, species diversity, ground and underground biomass of different slope community were statistically analyzed. The correlation between ground and underground biomass and diversity was also studied. The results showed that: A total of 49 species were found dominated by herbs, of which 33 were on the northern slope and 23 on the southern slope. There are significant differences in species composition and important value composition between slope positions, mainly affected by the initial pioneer herbaceous plants. We found that Heteropogon contortus, Eulaliopsis binata, Arthraxon hispidus and Sesbania cannabina have strong abilities to adapt to debris flow. The four species are common species in the area and they can be used as the main configuration species of the later ecological restoration. There were differences in community characteristics and species diversity at different slope positions. Shannon-Wiener diversity index was followed as stable zone(2.311)> instable zone(2.161)> deposit zone(2.036) at the southern slope of the valley, and deposit zone(2.626)> stable zone(1.338)> instable zone(1.057) at the northern slope of the valley. The biomass showed significant differences of stable zone> instable zone> deposit zone with higher value in the northern slope than the southern slope. Based on the above analysis results, this research suggests that the vegetation restoration in the provenance slope of the area of high-frequency debris flow should focus on the prevention and protection in instable zone of the slope in the natural recovery process. The deposit zone needs rationalization remediation. We should introduce local shrub and arbor to increase species composition and promote the development of vertical structure of plant community.

相似文献/References:

[1]张信宝,陈玉德.云南元谋干热河谷区不同岩土类型荒山植被恢复研究[J].应用与环境生物学报,1997,3(01):13.
 Zhang Xinbao,Chen Yude.STUDY ON VEGETATION REHABILITATION ON THE SLOPES OF THE ARID AND HOT VALLEYS IN YUANMOU, YUNNAN[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,1997,3(04):13.
[2]马大伟,刘彤,赵新俊,等.羽毛针禾种群中尺度的分布格局及利它作用[J].应用与环境生物学报,2010,16(06):753.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2010.00753]
 MA Dawei,LIU Tong,ZHAO Xinjun,et al.Spatial Pattern and Facilitating Effect of Stipagrostis pennata Population at Mid-spatial Scale[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2010,16(04):753.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2010.00753]
[3]宗宁,石培礼,蔣婧,等.施肥和围栏封育对退化高寒草甸植被恢复的影响[J].应用与环境生物学报,2013,19(06):905.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2013.00905]
 ZONG Ning,SHI Peili,JIANG Jing,et al.Effects of Fertilization and Grazing Exclosure on Vegetation Recovery in a Degraded Alpine Meadow on the Tibetan Plateau[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2013,19(04):905.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2013.00905]
[4]曾剑峰,罗鹏,牟成香,等.岷山地震带山地坡面的植被演替[J].应用与环境生物学报,2014,20(01):1.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2014.00001]
 ZENG Jianfeng,LUO Peng,MOU Chengxiang,et al.Vegetation succession on the earthquake-affected slopes of the Minshan Mountain, China[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2014,20(04):1.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2014.00001]
[5]李波,张曼,赵璐玲,等.汶川地震滑坡体自然植被恢复及影响因子——以龙溪–虹口自然保护区为例[J].应用与环境生物学报,2014,20(03):468.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2014.10010]
 LI Bo,ZHANG Man,ZHAO Luling,et al.Vegetation recovery on landslides of the Wenchuan earthquake and its influencing factors: a case study in Longxi-Hongkou Nature Reserve[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2014,20(04):468.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2014.10010]
[6]李丹雄,杨建英,史常青,等. 汶川地震滑坡迹地植被恢复中优势种的种间关联性[J].应用与环境生物学报,2014,20(05):938.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2014.03016]
 LI Danxiong,YANG Jianying,SHI Changqing,et al. Interspecific association of dominant species in the vegetation recovery process after landslide of Wenchuan Earthquake[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2014,20(04):938.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2014.03016]
[7]陈爱民 邓浩俊 严思维 林勇明,** 张广帅 杜 锟 吴承祯,等.泥石流频发流域物源区坡面不同植被类型土壤质量综合评价*[J].应用与环境生物学报,2016,22(02):249.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2015.07038]
 CHEN Aimin,DENG Haojun,YAN Siwei,et al.Comprehensive assessment of soil quality under different vegetation types inthe provenance slope of the area of high-frequency debris flow*[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2016,22(04):249.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2015.07038]
[8]刘 鑫 包维楷** 胡 斌 冯德枫,庞学勇 丁建林 吴展波.高寒山区道路边坡植被恢复物种选择及适宜性评估[J].应用与环境生物学报,2016,22(06):1015.[doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1145.2016.01016]
 LIU Xin,BAO Weikai**,HU Bin,et al.Plant species selection and adaptivity for vegetation restoration of alpine roadside slopes[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2016,22(04):1015.[doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1145.2016.01016]
[9]罗清虎,孙 凡,崔羽,等.蒋家沟泥石流频发流域失稳性坡面主要植物种间关联性分析*[J].应用与环境生物学报,2018,24(04):1.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2017.11005]
 LUO Qinghu,SUN Fan,et al.Interspecific association analysis of main plant species in the unstable slope of the area with high-frequency debris flow*[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2018,24(04):1.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2017.11005]
[10]廖 峰 郑江坤** 赵廷宁 史常青 郎登潇 王文武 付滟 任雨之.柏木次生林震后滑坡迹地物种多样性变化特征*[J].应用与环境生物学报,2018,24(06):1.[doi:10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2017.12046]
 LIAO Feng,ZHENG Jiangkun**,ZHAO Tingning,et al.Species Diversity Variation of Cupressus?funebris Secondary Forest in Landslide Site after 5.12 Wenchuan Earthquake*[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2018,24(04):1.[doi:10.19675/j.cnki.1006-687x.2017.12046]

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2017-10-16 接受日期:2017-12-04
*国家自然科学基金项目(41790434)、福建农林大学杰出青年科研人才计划项目(xjq201716)、福建农林大学科技创新专项基金项目(CXZX2016058和CXZX2017111)资助
**通讯作者(E-mail: monkey1422@163.com)
点击摘要页题目后的“PDF”可下载阅读全文;本文为已录用的作者修定稿,尚未经编辑全面修改。
引用本文请注明出处本刊;发表刊期和页码将以正式出版时的安排为准,但DOI确定不变。
更新日期/Last Update: 2018-01-10