|本期目录/Table of Contents|

[1]王硕,于水利,徐巧,等.好氧颗粒污泥特性、应用及形成机理研究进展[J].应用与环境生物学报,2014,20(04):732-742.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2014.01009]
 WANG Shuo,YU Shuili,XU Qiao,et al.Characteristics, application and formation mechanisms of aerobic granular sludge: recent advances[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2014,20(04):732-742.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2014.01009]
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好氧颗粒污泥特性、应用及形成机理研究进展()
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《应用与环境生物学报》[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

卷:
20卷
期数:
2014年04期
页码:
732-742
栏目:
综述
出版日期:
2014-08-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
Characteristics, application and formation mechanisms of aerobic granular sludge: recent advances
作者:
王硕 于水利 徐巧 付强 李激
1江南大学环境与土木工程学院 无锡 214122 2清华大学国家环境保护环境微生物利用与安全控制重点实验室 北京 100084 3哈尔滨工业大学城市水资源与水环境国家重点实验室 哈尔滨 150090
Author(s):
WANG Shuo YU Shuili XU Qiao FU Qiang LI Ji
1School of Environment and Civil Engineering, Jiangnan University, Wuxi 214122, China 2State Environment Protection Key Laboratory of Microorganism Application and Risk Control (SMARC), Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China 3State Key Laboratory of Urban Water Resource and Environment, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150090, China
关键词:
好氧颗粒污泥颗粒化过程胞外聚合物废水处理形成机理
Keywords:
aerobic granular sludge granulation process extracellular polymeric substances wastewater treatment formation mechanisms
分类号:
X703
DOI:
10.3724/SP.J.1145.2014.01009
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
好氧颗粒污泥因具有良好的沉降性能、较高的生物量、对污染物较高的去除能力,以及在工程应用中占地面积较少和运行成本较低,近年来被广泛关注. 本文综述了絮状污泥的颗粒化过程,好氧颗粒污泥形成的影响因素及其物理、化学和生物学特性. 研究发现,好氧颗粒污泥在生活污水、高浓度有机废水和富含有毒有害物质的废水处理中均可发挥重要作用,可以高效去除污水中的氮磷污染物、工业废水中的有机物、毒性物质和重金属等. 好氧颗粒污泥的形成机理存在4种假说,基于絮状污泥颗粒化过程中形成的胞外聚合物及其助凝作用被普遍认为是好氧颗粒污泥的形成机理. 最后进行了问题分析和前景展望,认为突破培养过程相对漫长、培养条件相对严苛技术瓶颈的好氧颗粒污泥技术对废水处理效能的提升具有重要意义. 图3 参110
Abstract:
Aerobic granular sludge has attracted much attention for its high settling property, biomass retention, and contaminant removal efficiency as well as the subsequent low space requirement and operation expense in wastewater treatment plant. This review provides recent advances in study of aerobic granular sludge, including the formation process from floc sludge, formation influencing factors and physical, chemical and biological sludge characteristics. Many studies demonstrated the importance of aerobic granular sludge in treatment of domestic sewage, high-concentration organic wastewater and wastewater containing toxic and hazardous materials, which means that nitrogen, phosphorus, organics, toxic substance and heavy metal can be effectively removed by aerobic granular sludge. In addition, the formation mechanism of aerobic granular sludge is generally shown to be the formation of extracellular polymeric substances and their flocculation. Finally, the review discusses the problems and possible future trends of aerobic granular sludge: the aerobic granular sludge technology is promising in enhancing the efficiency of wastewater treatment if the technical bottlenecks of formation period and conditions are passed through.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
国家水体污染控制与治理科技重大专项(2013ZX07314-002,2013ZX07315-003)、国家环境保护环境微生物利用与安全控制重点实验室开放基金(SMARC2013D006)、污染控制与资源化研究国家重点实验室开放课题(PCRRF13022)和中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金(JUSRP11434)资助 Supported by the Major Science and Technology Program for Water Pollution Control and Treatment (2013ZX07314-002 & 2013ZX07315-003), the Open Fund from the State Environmental Protection Key Laboratory of Microorganism Application and Risk Control (SMARC2013D006), the State Key Laboratory of Pollution Control and Resource Reuse Foundation (PCRRF13022) and the Fundamental Research Funds for Central Universities (JUSRP11434)
更新日期/Last Update: 2014-08-26