|本期目录/Table of Contents|

[1]李娜,张雪萍,张利敏.红松人工林与天然次生林大型土壤动物功能类群[J].应用与环境生物学报,2014,20(01):22-29.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2014.00022]
 LI Na,ZHANG Xueping,ZHANG Limin.Macro-soil fauna guilds in Korean pine plantation forest and secondary forest[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2014,20(01):22-29.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2014.00022]
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红松人工林与天然次生林大型土壤动物功能类群()
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《应用与环境生物学报》[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

卷:
20卷
期数:
2014年01期
页码:
22-29
栏目:
研究论文
出版日期:
2014-02-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
Macro-soil fauna guilds in Korean pine plantation forest and secondary forest
作者:
李娜张雪萍张利敏
1哈尔滨师范大学地理科学学院 哈尔滨 150025 2黑龙江省普通高等学校地理环境遥感监测重点实验室 哈尔滨 150025
Author(s):
LI Na ZHANG Xueping ZHANG Limin
1 College of Geographical Science, Harbin Normal University, Harbin 150025, China 2 Key Laboratory of Heilongjiang Higher Education for Remote Sensing Monitoring of Geographic Environment, Harbin 150025, China
关键词:
土壤动物功能类群森林生态系统红松人工林天然次生林垂直分布
Keywords:
soil fauna functional group forest ecosystem Korean pine plantation forest secondary forest vertical distribution
分类号:
S714.345
DOI:
10.3724/SP.J.1145.2014.00022
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
为了解不同森林恢复类型对生态系统物质循环和能量流动的影响,对红松人工林与天然次生林生态系统(硬阔叶林和蒙古栎林)大型土壤动物功能类群时空分布的差异进行分析. 在以往研究的基础上将捕获的大型土壤动物划分为腐食性、植食性、捕食性和杂食性土壤动物4个功能类群,并对比红松人工林和天然次生林生态系统土壤动物功能类群. 结果表明:(1)水平分布上,天然次生林与红松人工林中4种功能类群大型土壤动物均有分布,其中腐食性土壤动物密度和生物量占绝对优势,但类群组成略有不同;(2)垂直分布上,红松人工林各功能类群土壤动物个体密度及类群数在不同土层差异显著(P<0.05),均表现出明显的表聚性;而天然次生林中除腐食性和捕食性土壤动物外,在垂直方向无显著差异(P>0.05),0-10 cm层腐食性动物个体密度以及类群数最大;(3)时间变化上,红松人工林与天然次生林土壤动物功能类群表现出一致的变化规律,均以腐食性最高,各类群密度、类群数均为5月、10月高于其他各月,生物量以9月最高. 红松人工林和天然次生林土壤动物功能类群时空规律比较研究可为森林经营提供科学依据.
Abstract:
Soil fauna plays an important role in nutrient circulation and energy flow through food chain and food web. To understand the effects of different forest restoration types on the nutrient circulation and energy flow in ecosystems, we analyzed the differences of temporal and spatial distribution of macro-soil fauna functional groups in Korean pine plantation forest and secondary forest (hard-wood forest and Mongolian oak forest) ecosystems. In the research, the captured fauna was divided into four functional groups on the basis of previous researches: saprophagous, herbivorous, predatory and omnivorous soil fauna. We also contrasted soil fauna functional groups of Korean pine plantation forest and secondary forest (hard-wood forest and Mongolian oak forest) ecosystems. The results showed that: 1) for horizontal distribution, there were four kinds of functional groups in both Korean pine plantation forest and secondary forest, with the saprophagous absolutely dominant in both forests in individual density and biomass, but of slightly different group composition in the two forests. 2) For vertical distribution, individual density and group number of different functional groups were significantly different among different soil layers (P < 0.05) in Korean pine plantation forest, both with significant surface-aggregation. In secondary forest however, there was no significant difference in the vertical direction except for saprophagous and predatory soil fauna (P > 0.05). Individual density and group number of saprophagous soil fauna were the maximum in 0-10 cm soil layer. 3) In terms of temporal variation, Korean pine plantation forest and secondary forest showed consistent variation rules, with individual density, group number and biomass higher in saprophagous fauna than others; individual density and group numbers of all four functional groups were higher in May and October than in other months, and biomass highest in September. Contrasting spatial and temporal rules of Korean pine plantation forest and secondary forest functional groups will provide scientific proofs for forest management.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
国家自然科学基金项目(41101048和41371072)、中国博士后科学基金项目(2013M541407)和黑龙江省博士后科学基金资助
更新日期/Last Update: 2014-03-06