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[1]肖玖金,黄晓丽,朱万强,等.猕猴桃园春季土壤动物群落结构特征[J].应用与环境生物学报,2013,19(03):454-458.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2013.00454]
 XIAO Jiujin,HUANG Xiaoli,ZHU Wanqiang,et al.Community Structure of Soil Fauna in Kiwifruit Orchards in Spring[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2013,19(03):454-458.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2013.00454]
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猕猴桃园春季土壤动物群落结构特征()
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《应用与环境生物学报》[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

卷:
19卷
期数:
2013年03期
页码:
454-458
栏目:
研究论文
出版日期:
2013-06-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
Community Structure of Soil Fauna in Kiwifruit Orchards in Spring
作者:
肖玖金黄晓丽朱万强张健杨万勤
(1四川农业大学都江堰校区 成都 611830)
(2四川农业大学生态林业研究所 成都 611130)
(3四川省都江堰市农村发展局 成都 611830)
Author(s):
XIAO JiujinHUANG XiaoliZHU WanqiangZHANG JianYANG Wanqin
(1Dujiangyan Campus, Sichuan Agricultural University, Chengdu 611830, China)
(2Institute of Ecological Forestry, Sichuan Agricultural University, Chengdu 611130, China)
(3Dujiangyan Rural Development Bureau, Chengdu 611830, China)
关键词:
猕猴桃园春季土壤动物群落结构
Keywords:
kiwifruit orchards spring soil fauna community structure
分类号:
S154.5
DOI:
10.3724/SP.J.1145.2013.00454
摘要:
为了解猕猴桃种植对春季土壤动物群落结构的影响,以混交林和农耕地为对照,采用手捡法和干湿漏斗法对猕猴桃园土壤动物群落结构进行调查和研究. 结果显示:试验共采集土壤动物3 195头,平均密度为1.70×104头/m2,分属4门10纲24个类群. 其中,猕猴桃园所采集到的土壤动物平均密度为0.98×104头/m2,共14个类群;混交林土壤动物平均密度为1.96×104头/m2,共18个类群;农耕地土壤动物平均密度为2.36×104头/m2,共17个类群. 各样地大型、中小型土壤动物密度分别以混交林和农耕地最高,土壤动物个体数量的垂直分布具有表聚性. 蜱螨目(A)与弹尾目(C)的比值(A/C)以猕猴桃园和混交林高于农耕地,表明猕猴桃园和混交林受到外界干扰的程度较农耕地轻. 样地间土壤动物群落Morisita-Horn相似性系数较Sorenson相似性系数波动更大,说明样地间土壤动物群落各类群相对数量的影响较对其物种组成更大. Shannon-Wiener多样性指数(H′)、Pielou均匀性指数(J)和密度-类群指数(DG)以混交林最高,猕猴桃园最低,而Simpson优势度指数(C)以猕猴桃园最高,混交林最低,表明混交林土壤动物群落结构较猕猴桃园具有更高的稳定性.
Abstract:
Soil fauna is an important component of soil ecosystems, which plays an important role in decomposing biological remains, affecting soil properties and enhancing material recycling and energy conversion in the soil. To understand the impacts of kiwifruit orchards on soil fauna is essential to achieve sustainable plantation management and conservation of biodiversity. Therefore, an investigation on soil fauna was carried out in kiwifruit orchards, mixed forest and cropland. Soil macro-fauna were picked up by hand. Nematodes and mesofauna were separated and collected from the soil samples by Baermann and Tullgren methods, respectively. A total of 3 195 individuals of soil fauna, belonging to 4 phyla, 10 classes and 24 orders were collected, with an average density of 1.70×104 ind./m2. The highest density of total species was found in cropland and lowest density in kiwifruit orchards. The community in kiwifruit orchards was found to be dominated by Nematoda, accounting for 74.59% of the individuals. Collembola, Acarina, Diptera, Nematoda and Araneae were the dominant groups in mixed forest, accounting for 19.61%, 15.28%, 10.28%, 30.56% and 10.22% of the individuals, respectively. Hymenoptera and Nematoda were the dominant groups in cropland, accounting for 17.17% and 56.45% of the individuals, respectively. The lowest Acarina/Collembola (A/C) value was found in cropland, indicating that cropland is affected by disturbance from agricultural activity. The Shannon-Wiener index, Pielou index, and Density-groups index were higher in mixed forest than in kiwifruit orchards and cropland, but Simpson index was lower in mixed forest than in kiwifruit orchards and cropland, showing that mixed forest has higher community stability compared with kiwifruit orchards and cropland.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
国家科技支撑计划项目(2011BAC09B05)和四川省教育厅项目(12ZB307,13ZA0258)资助
更新日期/Last Update: 2013-06-20