|本期目录/Table of Contents|

[1]康伟,孙岳,孙鲁峰,等.苏北浅滩辐射沙洲海域浮游植物分布特征[J].应用与环境生物学报,2013,19(05):727-733.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2013.00727]
 KANG Wei,SUN Yue,SUN Lufeng,et al.Distribution of Phytoplankton in Radial Sand Ridge Area in North Jiangsu Shoal*[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2013,19(05):727-733.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2013.00727]
点击复制

苏北浅滩辐射沙洲海域浮游植物分布特征()
分享到:

《应用与环境生物学报》[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

卷:
19卷
期数:
2013年05期
页码:
727-733
栏目:
研究论文
出版日期:
2013-10-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
Distribution of Phytoplankton in Radial Sand Ridge Area in North Jiangsu Shoal*
作者:
康伟孙岳孙鲁峰徐兆礼阙江龙
(1中国水产科学研究院东海水产研究所农业部海洋与河口渔业重点开放实验室 上海 200090) (2国家海洋局海洋咨询中心 北京 100860)
Author(s):
KANG Wei SUN Yue SUN Lufeng XU Zhaoli QUE Jianglong
(1Key and Open Laboratory of Marina and Estuary Fisheries, Ministry of Agriculture of China, East China Sea Fisheries Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences, Shanghai 200090, China) (2National Oceanic Consultation Center, Beijing 100860, China)
关键词:
苏北浅滩浮游植物平面分布中肋骨条藻细弱圆筛藻沙脊潮沟
Keywords:
the north Jiangsu shoal phytoplankton horizontal distribution Skeletonema costatum Coscinodiscus subtilis sandbank tidal creek
分类号:
Q179.1
DOI:
10.3724/SP.J.1145.2013.00727
摘要:
为探讨浅滩沙脊潮沟系统特殊的地形对浮游植物分布特征的影响,根据苏北浅滩中部2010年11月(秋季)、5月(春季)辐射沙洲北部,以及2011年11月(秋季)辐射沙洲南部浮游植物调查数据,分析这一海域浮游植物的分布特征及其与地形等环境因子的关系. 结果表明:共发现浮游植物3门25属81种,硅藻从物种数量和细胞丰度上都占绝对优势. 2010年春季、秋季(北部)和2011年秋季(南部)浮游植物细胞平均丰度分别为351.74、126.52、240.44 cells/mL. 从丰度平面分布可看出,受苏北浅滩沙脊潮沟系统特殊的地形以及变化复杂的潮流场共同影响,个别优势种呈现明显的聚集特性. 秋季南部海域细弱圆筛藻优势度为0.49,显著高于其他优势种,其平均丰度(123.88 cells/mL)也高于其他优势种平均丰度的总和,成为秋季南部海域的绝对优势种. 优势种的聚集特性使浮游植物细胞丰度的平面分布不均匀,南、北部海域浮游植物细胞丰度均表现为潮沟内高于沙脊,特别是潮流汇集区附近的潮沟末端站位丰度更高,即沟底>中部>沟口. 浮游植物丰度水平分布与优势种特征关系密切,南部海域与北部海域优势种差异较大,与南北海域分属不同潮波系统控制有关. 多变量相关性分析得出,浮游植物分布特征与环境因子的关系并不密切,而沙脊潮沟系统地形和潮流特征,造成了浮游植物在不同环境水体的聚集,是这一海域浮游植物分布特征形成的重要原因. 图4 表3 参19
Abstract:
This paper investigated from November 2010 to November 2011 the distribution of phytoplankton in the area of radiate sand ridges of north Jiangsu shoal, and analyzed the effect of topography and environmental factors on distribution of phytoplankton. Our results identified a total of 81 species of 25 genera and 3 classes, with diatoms the predominant in both species number and total phytoplankton cell abundance. The average abundance of phytoplankton were 351.74 cells/mL, 126.52 cells/mL and 240.44 cells/mL in three areas (north area in spring, north area in autumn, south area in autumn) respectively. Horizontal distribution of phytoplankton abundance showed an apparent trend of aggregation of individual dominant species, probably due to the combined action of the unique topography of sandbanks and tidal creeks and tidal current in the shoal. In autumn, Coscinodiscus subtilis was the most dominant species (0.49 of degree of dominance) in the south area, with an average abundance of phytoplankton 123.88 cells/mL. The asymmetry in abundance of horizontal distribution of phytoplankton showed a higher abundance in tidal creek terminals and sandbanks in the south and north areas, with the highest phytoplankton abundance found at the joint water of tidal creek terminals and sandbanks. Because of the different tidal wave systems, the dominant species were different at both vertical and horizontal scales. In conclusion, this study suggested that the unique topography of sandbanks and tidal creeks rather than the environmental factors play a crucial role in the formation of phytoplankton distribution patterns. Fig 4, Tab 3, Ref 19

参考文献/References:

1 任美锷. 江苏省海岸带和海洋资源综合调查报告[M]. 北京: 海洋出版社, 1986. 1-517 [Ren ME. Survey Report of Coastal and Marine Resources of Jiangsu Province [M]. Beijing: Ocean Press, 1986. 1-517] 2 张忍顺, 王雪瑜. 江苏省淤泥质海岸潮沟系统[J]. 地理学报, 1991, 46 (2): 195-205 [Zhang RS, Wang XY. Tidal creek system on tidal mud flat of Jiangsu Province [J]. Acta Geogr Sin, 1991, 46 (2): 195-205] 3 张忍顺, 陈家记. 弶港辐射沙洲内缘区海岸发育及近期演变[J]. 海洋通报, 1988, 7 (1): 42-48 [Zhang RS, Chen JJ. The development of district coastal and the recent evolution of Jianggang radiation sandbank edge [J]. Mar Sci Bull, 1988, 7 (1): 42-48] 4 陆丽云, 张忍顺, 陈君. 江苏沿海辐射沙洲开发利用的前景[J]. 南京师范大学学报(自然科学版), 2002, 25 (3): 18-24 [Lu LY, Zhang RS Chen J. The Eveloping and utilizong foreground of Jiangsu coastal radiate sandbands [J]. J Nanjing Norm Univ, 2002, 25 (3): 18-24] 5 Haraguchi K, Yamamoto T, Chiba S, Shimizu Y, Nagao M. Effect of phytoplankton vertical migration on the formation of oxygen depleted waters in a shallow coastal sea [J]. Estuarine Coastal Shelf Sci, 2010, 86: 441-449 6 Thompson JK, Koseff JR, Monismith SG, Lucas LV. Shallow waters processes govern system-wide phytoplankton bloom dynamics: a field study [J]. J Mar Syst, 2008, 74: 153-166 7 田丰歌, 徐兆礼. 春夏季苏北浅滩大丰水域浮游动物生态特征[J]. 海洋环境科学, 2001, 30 (3): 316-320 [Tian FG, Xu ZL. Ecological characters of zooplankton in middle area of Subei shoal in spring and summer [J]. Mar Environ Sci, 2011, 30 (3): 316-320] 8 张虎, 郭仲仁, 刘培廷, 汤建华, 仲霞铭. 苏北浅滩生态监控区大型底栖生物分布特征[J]. 南方水产, 2009, 5 (1): 29-35 [Zhang H, Guo ZR, Liu PT, Tang JH, Zhong XM. Distribution characteristics of macrobenthos in the shoal-waters area along the northern coast of Jiangsu Province [J]. South China Fish Sci, 2009, 5 (1): 29-35] 9 熊瑛, 钟俊生, 汤建华, 刘培廷, 仲霞铭, 吴磊, 吴福权. 苏北浅滩生态监控区鱼卵的种类组成和数量分布[J]. 海洋渔业, 2007, 29 (3): 201-206 [Xiong Y, Zhong JS, Tang JH, Liu PT, Zhong XM, Wu L, Wu FQ. The species composition and quantity distribution of fish eggs in the shoal-waters area along the northern coast of Jiangsu Province [J]. Mar Fish, 2007, 29 (3): 200-206] 10 刘磊, 郭仲仁, 汤晓鸿, 钟俊生, 汤建华, 吴磊, 熊瑛. 苏北浅滩生态监控区仔稚鱼的分布[J]. 上海海洋大学学报, 2009, 18 (5): 546-552 [Liu L, Guo ZR, Tang XH, Zhong JS, Tang JH, Wu L, Xiong Y. Abundance distribution of fish larvae and juveniles in shoal-waters areas along the northern coast of Jiangsu Province [J]. J Shanghai Fish Univ, 2009, 18 (5): 546-552] 11 徐兆礼. 东海亚强真哲水蚤种群生态特征[J]. 生态学报, 2006, 26 (4): 1151-1158 [Xu ZL. Ecological characters of the Eucalanus subcrassus population in the East China Sea [J]. Acta Ecol Sin, 2006, 26 (4): 1151-1158] 12 赵志模, 周新远. 生态学引论[M]. 重庆科学技术文献出版社, 1984. 108-119 [Zhao ZM, Zhou XY. Introduction to Ecology [M]. Chongqing: Chongqing Branch of Scientific and Technical Documents Publishing House, 1984. 108-119] 13 徐兆礼, 李春鞠. 东海浮游磷虾类的数量分布[J]. 水产学报, 2005, 29 (3): 373-378 [Xu ZL, Li CJ. Abundance distribution of Euphausiids in the East China Sea [J]. J Fish China, 2005, 29 (3): 373-378] 14 Christensen R. Analysis of Variance, Design and Regression: Applied Statistical Methods [M]. New York: Chapman and Hall, 1996 15 王爱军, 王修林, 王江涛, 李雁宾, 韩秀荣, 唐洪杰. 光照对东海赤潮高发区春季硅藻生长的影响[J].中国海洋大学学报, 2006, 36: 173-178 [Wang AJ, Wang XL, Wang JT, Li YB, Han XR, Tang HJ. Light-dependent growth of diatom in high frequency HAB occurrence areas in the East China Sea in spring [J]. Period Ocean Univ China (Nat Sci Ed), 2006, 36: 173-178] 16 沈竑, 洪君超. 长江口中肋骨条藻赤潮发生全过程调查报告——浮游植物群落结构及细胞形态研究[J]. 海洋与湖沼, 1994,25 (6): 591-595 [Shen H, Hong JC. Investigation report on the Skeletonema costatum red tide in Changjiang river estuary-study on the phytoplamkton community composition and cell morphology [J]. Oceanol Limnol Sin, 1994, 25 (6): 591-595] 17 蔡萌, 徐兆礼, 朱德弟. 长江口及邻近海域浮游端足类分布特征[J]. 海洋学报, 2008, 30 (5): 81-87 [Cai M, Xu ZL, Zhu DD. Distribution characteristics of pelagic Amphipoda in the Changjiang estuary and adjacent waters [J]. Acta Oceanol Sin, 2008, 30 (5): 81-87] 18 徐兆礼, 沈新强, 马胜伟. 春、夏季长江口邻近水域浮游动物优势种的生态特征[J]. 海洋科学, 2005, 29 (12): 13-19 [Xu ZL, Shen XQ, Ma SW. Ecological characters of zooplankton dominant species in the waterss near the Changjiang estuary in spring and summer [J]. Mar Sci, 2005, 29 (12): 13-19] 19 尤坤元, 朱大奎, 王雪瑜, 孙亚梅, 周旅复, 马仲荃. 苏北岸外辐射沙洲王港西洋潮流通道稳定性研究[J]. 地理研究, 1998, 17 (1): 10-16 [You KY, Zhu DK, Wang XY, Sun YM, Zhou LF, Ma ZQ. The stability analysis of Xiyang tidal channel in radial submarine sand ridges along north Jiangsu [J]. Geogr Res, 1998, 17 (1): 10-16]

相似文献/References:

[1]孔义军,杨浩文,林少君,等.南亚热带城市浅水湖泊富营养化与浮游植物群落的时空特征:以肇庆星湖为例[J].应用与环境生物学报,2009,15(02):153.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2009.00153]
 KONG Yijun,YANG Haowen,LIN Shaojun,et al.Eutrophication and Phytoplankton Community Structure of Xinghu Lake, a Shallow Urban Lake in South China[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2009,15(05):153.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2009.00153]
[2]孙育平,王晓辉,胡韧,等.南亚热带高产渔业水库——显岗水库敞水区浮游植物群落结构的季节变化特征[J].应用与环境生物学报,2010,16(02):228.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2010.00228]
 SUN Yuping,WANG Xiaohui,HU Ren,et al.Seasonal Variation of Phytoplankton Communities in Xiangang Reservoir, a Tropical Shallow and High-yield Fishery Reservoir in South China[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2010,16(05):228.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2010.00228]
[3]徐政,张贵刚,胡韧,等.贫营养型水库中罗非鱼对浮游植物的影响:围隔实验[J].应用与环境生物学报,2011,17(02):191.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2011.00191]
 XU Zheng,ZHANG Guigang,HU Ren,et al.Effect of Tilapia (Oreochromis nilotica) on Phytoplankton Assemblage in an Oligotrophic Reservoir: An Enclosure Experiment[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2011,17(05):191.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2011.00191]
[4]林更铭,杨清良.全球气候变化背景下的台湾海峡浮游植物分布变异[J].应用与环境生物学报,2011,17(05):615.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2011.00615]
 LIN Gengming,YANG Qingliang.Interdecadal Variation in Distribution Features of Phytoplankton in the Taiwan Strait under Global Climate Change[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2011,17(05):615.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2011.00615]
[5]孙鲁峰,徐兆礼,邢小丽,等.椒江口海域浮游植物与富营养化的关系[J].应用与环境生物学报,2012,18(02):170.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2012.00170]
 SUN Lufeng,XU Zhaoli,XING Xiaoli,et al.Relationship Between Phytoplankton and Eutrophication in Jiaojiang Estuary[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2012,18(05):170.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2012.00170]
[6]胡芳,赵学敏,蔡信德,等.不同生态工程组合系统对南方水源地污水的净化效果[J].应用与环境生物学报,2012,18(04):635.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2012.00635]
 HU Fang,ZHAO Xuemin,CAI Xinde,et al.Purification Effects of Different Ecological Treatment Systems and Their Combination on Source Water in Southern China[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2012,18(05):635.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2012.00635]
[7]林更铭,项鹏,杨清良,等.厦门海域水华期间浮游植物群落演替及其与环境因子的关系[英文][J].应用与环境生物学报,2013,19(01):126.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2013.00126]
 LIN Gengming,XIANG Peng,YANG Qingliang,et al.Phytoplankton Community Succession and Its Relation to Abiotic Parameters During Blooming Period in Xiamen Sea, China[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2013,19(05):126.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2013.00126]
[8]朱旭宇,黄伟,曾江宁,等.氮磷比对冬季浮游植物群落结构的影响[J].应用与环境生物学报,2013,19(02):293.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2013.00293]
 ZHU Xuyu,HUANG Wei,ZENG Jiangning,et al.Effects of Nitrogen and Phosphorus Ratios on Phytoplankton Community Structure in Winter[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2013,19(05):293.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2013.00293]
[9]宋贤英,张捷,白春节,等.甬江干流浮游植物的群落结构及其季节变化[J].应用与环境生物学报,2013,19(04):663.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2013.00000]
 SONG Xianying,ZHANG Jie,BAI Chunjie,et al.Seasonal Change in Structure of Phytoplankton Communities in the Yongjiang River[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2013,19(05):663.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2013.00000]
[10]冯喻,肖利娟,韦桂峰,等.高州水库水位上升期坝前深水区浮游植物群落的响应特征[J].应用与环境生物学报,2014,20(03):529.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2014.09033]
 FENG Yu,XIAO Lijuan,WEI Guifeng,et al.Responses of phytoplankton community to increasing water level in the lacustrine zone near the dam of a large tropical reservoir: Gaozhou Reservoir, South China[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2014,20(05):529.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2014.09033]

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
*国家自然科学基金项目(41176131)和国家重点基础研究发展计划(973计划)项目(2010CB428705)资助 Supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 41176131) and the National Basic Research Program of China (“973” Program) (No. 2010CB428705) **收稿日期 Received: 2013-01-07 接收日期 Accepted: 2013-03-19*国家自然科学基金项目(41176131)和国家重点基础研究发展计划(973计划)项目(2010CB428705)资助 Supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 41176131) and the National Basic Research Program of China (“973” Program) (No. 2010CB428705)**通讯作者 Corresponding author (E-mail: xiaomin@sh163.net)
更新日期/Last Update: 2013-10-28