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[1]朱旭宇,黄伟,曾江宁,等.氮磷比对冬季浮游植物群落结构的影响[J].应用与环境生物学报,2013,19(02):293-299.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2013.00293]
 ZHU Xuyu,HUANG Wei,ZENG Jiangning,et al.Effects of Nitrogen and Phosphorus Ratios on Phytoplankton Community Structure in Winter[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2013,19(02):293-299.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2013.00293]
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氮磷比对冬季浮游植物群落结构的影响()
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《应用与环境生物学报》[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

卷:
19卷
期数:
2013年02期
页码:
293-299
栏目:
研究论文
出版日期:
2013-04-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
Effects of Nitrogen and Phosphorus Ratios on Phytoplankton Community Structure in Winter
作者:
朱旭宇黄伟曾江宁江志兵刘晶晶徐晓群陈全震
(1国家海洋局第二海洋研究所,国家海洋局海洋生态系统与生物地球化学重点实验室 杭州 310012)
(2国家海洋局南通海洋环境监测中心站 南通 226005)
Author(s):
ZHU Xuyu HUANG Wei ZENG Jiangning JIANG Zhibing LIU Jingjing XU Xiaoqun CHEN Quanzhen
(1Second Institute of Oceanography, Key Laboratory of Marine Ecosystem and Biogeochemistry, State Oceanic Administration of China, Hangzhou 310012, China)
(2Marine Environmental Monitoring Station of Nantong, State Oceanic Administration, Nantong 226005, Jiangsu, China)
关键词:
氮磷比浮游植物群落结构演替
Keywords:
N:P ratio phytoplankton community structure succession
分类号:
Q178.53
DOI:
10.3724/SP.J.1145.2013.00293
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
对浙江省洞头岛海区浮游植物在不同氮磷比(1:1、4:1、8:1、16:1、32:1、64:1、128:1和256:1)条件下进行了30 d的(冬季)室内实验研究. 结果表明,N:P比对浮游植物群落的种类数、细胞丰度和叶绿素a浓度均产生了显著影响:实验结束时,高N:P组(128:1和256:1)种类数和细胞丰度显著高于低N:P组(1:1、4:1和8:1),对照组叶绿素a(Chla)浓度高于其他组. 实验期间各组浮游植物群落均发生演替,演替顺序为:硅藻(中肋骨条藻Skeletonema costatum)→绿藻(塔胞藻Pyramimonas sp.)和隐藻(伸长斜片藻Plagioselmis prolonga)→硅藻→甲藻(双刺原多甲藻Protoperidinium bipes),其中硅藻粒级结构变化较大,从微型(中肋骨条藻和旋链海链藻Thalassiosira curviseriata)向小型(圆海链藻Thalassiosira rotula、海洋角管藻Cerataulina pelagica和柔弱伪菱形藻Pseudo-nitzschia delicatissima)方向演替. 优势种最适N:P比不同,实验结束时16:1组圆海链藻和双刺原多甲藻细胞丰度显著高于其他各组,柔弱伪菱形藻在128:1组生长较好. 此外,各N:P组群落演替速度不同,d 24时8:1、16:1和32:1组甲藻(双刺原多甲藻)丰度即超过硅藻,N:P值略降有利于硅藻向甲藻演替,而N:P比过高不利于甲藻占优势. 图 5 表1 参40
Abstract:
The increasing nutrient inputs may lead to a change of phytoplankton community structure. Therefore, it is very important to study the impact of nitrogen and phosphorus ratio on marine phytoplankton. In winter, phytoplankton community collected from Dongtou island in Zhejiang Province, China was cultured in different N:P ratios (1:1, 4:1, 8:1, 16:1, 32:1, 64:1, 128:1, 256:1) for 30 days. The results indicated that the species number, cell abundance and Chla content significantly varied with different N:P ratios. After 30 days of culture, the cell abundance and species number in the high N:P ratio groups (128:1 and 256:1) were significantly higher than those in the low N:P ratio groups (1:1, 4:1 and 8:1), while Chla content in the control group was higher than those in the other groups. Furthermore, the phytoplankton community in all treatments was observed a definite succession from Bacillariophytas to Dinophyta. The succession process could be divided into three steps: from Bacillariophytas (Skeletonema costatum) to Chlorophyta (Pyramimonas sp.) and Cryptophyta (Plagioselmis prolonga) at 0th-6th days; then the Bacillariophytas dominated the phytoplankton community at 6th-18th days; then the Dinophyta (Protoperidinium bipes) dominated the community until the end of test. The size fraction of Bacillariophytas also changed from the nano-phytoplankton (Skeletonema costatum and Thalassiosira curviseriata) to micro-phytoplankton (Thalassiosira rotula, Cerataulina pelagica and Pseudo-nitzschia delicatissima). Dominant species also differed with different N:P ratio groups. The cell abundance of Thalassiosira rotula and Protoperidinium bipes in the N:P ratio of 16:1 was higher than that in the other groups. Pseudo-nitzschia delicatissima grew well in the N:P ratio of 128:1. Furthermore, the percentage of Protoperidinium bipes in the low N:P ratio groups (8:1, 16:1 and 32:1) was higher than that in the high N:P ratio (128:1 and 256:1) groups. Fig 5, Tab 1, Ref 40

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
国家重点基础研究发展规划(“973”计划)项目(2010CB428903)、海洋公益性行业科研专项(200805069,2012418013)、浙江省自然科学基金项目(Y5100401,Y5110131)、浙江省海水养殖重点科技创新团队项目(2010R50025)、国家海洋局青年科学基金项目(2011106)、浙江省近岸水域生物资源开发与保护重点实验室开放基金项目(2010F30003)、国家海洋局第二海洋研究所基本科研业务费专项 (SZ1119,JT0806)和中国博士后科学基金面上项目(20110491828)资助
更新日期/Last Update: 2013-05-03