|本期目录/Table of Contents|

[1]徐政,张贵刚,胡韧,等.贫营养型水库中罗非鱼对浮游植物的影响:围隔实验[J].应用与环境生物学报,2011,17(02):191-195.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2011.00191]
 XU Zheng,ZHANG Guigang,HU Ren,et al.Effect of Tilapia (Oreochromis nilotica) on Phytoplankton Assemblage in an Oligotrophic Reservoir: An Enclosure Experiment[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2011,17(02):191-195.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2011.00191]
点击复制

贫营养型水库中罗非鱼对浮游植物的影响:围隔实验()
分享到:

《应用与环境生物学报》[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

卷:
17卷
期数:
2011年02期
页码:
191-195
栏目:
研究论文
出版日期:
2011-04-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
Effect of Tilapia (Oreochromis nilotica) on Phytoplankton Assemblage in an Oligotrophic Reservoir: An Enclosure Experiment
作者:
徐政 张贵刚 胡韧 韩博平
(1暨南大学水生生物研究所 广州 510632)
(2热带亚热带水生态工程教育部工程研究中心 广州 510632)
Author(s):
XU Zheng ZHANG Guigang HU Ren HAN Boping
(1Institute of Hydrobiology, Jinan University, Guangzhou 510632,.China)
(2Engineering Research Center of Tropical and Subtropical Aquatic Ecological Engineering,Ministry of Education, Jinan University, Guangzhou 510632, China)
关键词:
浮游植物罗非鱼围隔贫营养型水库水质评价
Keywords:
phytoplankton tilapia enclosure oligotrophic reservoir water quality assessment
分类号:
Q178.513
DOI:
10.3724/SP.J.1145.2011.00191
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
于2009年9~11月在贫营养型的大型深水水库(流溪河水库)中进行了围隔(体积约为85 m3)实验,分析了罗非鱼对浮游植物的影响. 根据水库中现有鱼类的生物量,设置加鱼处理组(2 g /m3)和无鱼对照组两组. 每组有3个重复,实验开始后每周采样一次,测定水质与采集浮游生物定性和定量样品. 实验结果表明,加鱼处理组和对照组的总氮、可溶性无机氮没有明显差别,实验后期的总磷与正磷有一定差别,处理组略高于对照组. 加鱼处理组浮游植物丰度及生物量、叶绿素a的含量显著高于对照组(P<0.05),且透明度低于对照组,个体小于30 ?m的浮游植物种类的丰度与生物量较明显增加,浮游动物丰度显著低于对照组(P<0.05),但是生物量差异不显著(P>0.05). 总的来说,在贫营养条件下,低生物量的罗非鱼对水库浮游植物群落结构仍有着明显的影响,罗非鱼排泄产生的上行效应大于摄食产生的下行效应. 图6 参26
Abstract:
To examine the effect of tilapia (Oreochromis nilotica) on phytoplankton assemblage in oligotrophic water, an enclosure experiment was performed in the Liuxihe Reservoir, Guangdong, China, a large and oligotrophic water body, lasting for six weeks from September 10 to November 14 of 2009. Six large enclosures were used, among which three were for fish treatment (2 g/m3) and three for control (no fish). Each enclosure had a water volume of 85 m3. Water samples were collected every week for plankton and nutrient analysis. The results showed that there was no significant difference in TN and IDN and the biomass of zooplankton between the fish treatment and the control, TP and PO4 were higher in those of fish treatment only in the last three weeks than in those of control. However, the abundance and biomass of phytoplankton and chlorophyll a concentration were significantly higher in those of fish treatment than in those of control (P<0.05). The presence of tilapia resulted in the change of species and size structure of phytoplankton assemblage, and small-sized species (less than 30 ?m) markedly increased and the abundance of zooplankton markedly decreased (P<0.05) at the end of the experiment. In conclusion, tilapia had a significant impact on the structure of phytoplankton assemblage, and the bottom-up effect on phytoplankton from nutrient excretion of tilapia was stronger than top-down effect from its grazing. Fig 6, Ref 26

参考文献/References:

1 Rhew K, Baca RM, Ochs CA, Threlkeld ST. Interaction effects of fish, nutrients, mixing and sediments on autotrophic picoplankton and algal composition. Freshwater Biol, 1999, 42: 99~109
2 Bergquist AM, Carpenter SR. Limnetic herbivory: Effects on phytoplankton populations and primary production. Ecology, 1986, 67: 1351~1360
3 Vanni MJ, Layne CD. Nutrient recycling and herbivory as mechanisms in the “top-down” effect of fish on algae in lakes. Ecology, 1997, 78: 21~40
4 Oso JA, Ayodele IA, Fagbuaro O. Food and feeding habits of Oreochromis niloticus (L.) and Sarotherodon galilaeus (L.) in a tropical reservoir. World J Zool, 2006, 1 (2): 118~121
5 Wang MX (王明学). 尼罗罗非鱼养殖.Beijing, China: Science & Technology Document Publishing House (北京: 科学技术文献出版社), 1995, 5~13
6 Hu M (胡玫), Zhang ZY (张中英). A study on the development of digesitive system and feeding habit of fry and juvenile of Nile tilapia. J Fish China (水产学报), 1983, 7 (3): 207~217
7 Turker H, Eversole AG, Brune DE. Filtration of green algae and cyanobacteria by Nile Tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus, in the partitioned aquaculture system. Aquaculture, 2003, 215: 93~101
8 Lu KH, Jin CH, Dong SL, Gu BH, Bowen SH. Feeding and control of blue-green algal blooms by tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus). Hydrobiologia, 2006, 568: 111~120
9 Yuan JR (阮景荣), Liu QX (刘衢霞), Wang SM (王少梅), Rong KW (戎克文). Effect of Nile tilapia on plankton community and primary productivity of freshwater microcosms. Chin J Appl Ecol (应用生态学报), 1993a, 4 (4): 404~409
10 Figueredo CC, Giani A. Ecological interactions between nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus L.) and the phytoplanktonic community of the Furnas Reservoir (Brazil). Freshwater Biol, 2005, 50: 1391~1403
11 Han BP (韩博平), Li T (李铁),Lin XD (林旭钿). Reservoir Trophic States and the Study of Strategies of Prevention in Guangdong Province. Beijing, China: Science Press (北京: 科学出版社), 2003. 22~28
12 Lin SJ (林少君), He LJ (贺立静), Huang PS (黄沛生), Han BP (韩博平). Comparison and improvement on the extraction method for chlorophyll a in phytoplankton. Ecolo Sci (生态科学), 2005, 24: 9~11
13 Zhang ZS (章宗涉), Huang XF (黄祥飞). 淡水浮游生物研究方法. Beijing, China: Science Press (北京: 科学出版社), 1991. 344 ~346
14 Yuan JR (阮景荣), Rong KW (戎克文), Wang SM (王少梅), Liu QX (刘衢霞). Effect of Nile tilapia on plankton community and primary productivity of freshwater microcosms. Chin J Appl Ecol (应用生态学报), 1993b, 4 (1): 65~73
15 Zhao W (赵文), Dong SL (董双林), Zheng WG (郑伟刚), Zhang ZQ (张兆琪). Effects of Nile tilapia on plankton in enclosures with different treatments in saline-alkaline ponds. Zool Res (动物学研究), 2000, 21 (2): 108~114
16 Proulx M, Pick FR, Mazumder A, Hamilton PB, Lean DRS. Effects of nutrients and planktivorous fish on the phytoplankton of shallow and aquatic systems. Ecology, 1996, 77 (5): 1556~1572
17 Avnimelech Y, Kochva M, Hargreaves JA. Sedimentation and resuspension in earthen fish ponds. J World Aquacult Soc, 1999, 30 (4): 401~ 409
18 Popma TJ. Digestibility of selected feedstuffs and naturally occurring algae by tilapia: [Ph.D. Dissertation]. Auburn University, Auburn, Alabama, USA, 1982
19 Bowen SH. Feeding, digestion and growth-quantitative considerations. In: Pullin RSV, Lowe-McConnell RH eds. The Biology and Culture of Tilapias. ICLARM Conference Proceedings No. 7, International Center for Living Aquatic Resources Management, Manila, Philippines, 1982. 141~145
20 Getachew T, Femando CH. The food habits of a herbivorous fish (Oreochromis niloticus Linn.) in Lake Awasa, EthioPia. Hydrobiologia, 1989, 174: 195~200
21 Lu KH (陆开宏), Jing CH (金春华), Wang YC (王扬才). Control of cyanobacterial blooms in eutrophication lakes by tilapia. J Fish China (水产学报), 2005, 29 (6): 811~818
22 Ramcharan CW, France RL, McQueen DJ. Multiple effects of planktivorous fish on algae through a pelagic trophic cascade. Can J Fish & Aquat Sci, 1996, 53: 2819~2828
23 Tátrai I, Mátyás K, Korponai J, Szabó G, Pomogyi P, Héri J. Response of nutrients, plankton communities and macrophytes to fish manipulation in a small eutrophic wetland lake. Intern Rev Hydrobiol, 2005, 90: 511~522
24 Sondergaard M. Lake restoration: Successes, failures and long-term effects. J Appl Ecol, 2007, 44: 1095~1105
25 Starling F, Lazzaro X, Cavalcanti C, Moreira R. Contribution of omnivorous tilapia to eutrophication of a shallow tropical reservoir: Evidence from a fish kill. Freshwater Biol, 2002, 47 (12): 2443~2452
26 Havens KE. Fish-induced sediment resuspension: Effects on phytoplankton biomass and community structure in a shallow hypereutrophic lake. J Plankton Res, 1991, 13 (6): 1163~1176

相似文献/References:

[1]孔义军,杨浩文,林少君,等.南亚热带城市浅水湖泊富营养化与浮游植物群落的时空特征:以肇庆星湖为例[J].应用与环境生物学报,2009,15(02):153.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2009.00153]
 KONG Yijun,YANG Haowen,LIN Shaojun,et al.Eutrophication and Phytoplankton Community Structure of Xinghu Lake, a Shallow Urban Lake in South China[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2009,15(02):153.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2009.00153]
[2]孙育平,王晓辉,胡韧,等.南亚热带高产渔业水库——显岗水库敞水区浮游植物群落结构的季节变化特征[J].应用与环境生物学报,2010,16(02):228.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2010.00228]
 SUN Yuping,WANG Xiaohui,HU Ren,et al.Seasonal Variation of Phytoplankton Communities in Xiangang Reservoir, a Tropical Shallow and High-yield Fishery Reservoir in South China[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2010,16(02):228.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2010.00228]
[3]林更铭,杨清良.全球气候变化背景下的台湾海峡浮游植物分布变异[J].应用与环境生物学报,2011,17(05):615.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2011.00615]
 LIN Gengming,YANG Qingliang.Interdecadal Variation in Distribution Features of Phytoplankton in the Taiwan Strait under Global Climate Change[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2011,17(02):615.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2011.00615]
[4]孙鲁峰,徐兆礼,邢小丽,等.椒江口海域浮游植物与富营养化的关系[J].应用与环境生物学报,2012,18(02):170.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2012.00170]
 SUN Lufeng,XU Zhaoli,XING Xiaoli,et al.Relationship Between Phytoplankton and Eutrophication in Jiaojiang Estuary[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2012,18(02):170.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2012.00170]
[5]胡芳,赵学敏,蔡信德,等.不同生态工程组合系统对南方水源地污水的净化效果[J].应用与环境生物学报,2012,18(04):635.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2012.00635]
 HU Fang,ZHAO Xuemin,CAI Xinde,et al.Purification Effects of Different Ecological Treatment Systems and Their Combination on Source Water in Southern China[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2012,18(02):635.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2012.00635]
[6]林更铭,项鹏,杨清良,等.厦门海域水华期间浮游植物群落演替及其与环境因子的关系[英文][J].应用与环境生物学报,2013,19(01):126.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2013.00126]
 LIN Gengming,XIANG Peng,YANG Qingliang,et al.Phytoplankton Community Succession and Its Relation to Abiotic Parameters During Blooming Period in Xiamen Sea, China[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2013,19(02):126.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2013.00126]
[7]朱旭宇,黄伟,曾江宁,等.氮磷比对冬季浮游植物群落结构的影响[J].应用与环境生物学报,2013,19(02):293.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2013.00293]
 ZHU Xuyu,HUANG Wei,ZENG Jiangning,et al.Effects of Nitrogen and Phosphorus Ratios on Phytoplankton Community Structure in Winter[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2013,19(02):293.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2013.00293]
[8]宋贤英,张捷,白春节,等.甬江干流浮游植物的群落结构及其季节变化[J].应用与环境生物学报,2013,19(04):663.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2013.00000]
 SONG Xianying,ZHANG Jie,BAI Chunjie,et al.Seasonal Change in Structure of Phytoplankton Communities in the Yongjiang River[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2013,19(02):663.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2013.00000]
[9]康伟,孙岳,孙鲁峰,等.苏北浅滩辐射沙洲海域浮游植物分布特征[J].应用与环境生物学报,2013,19(05):727.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2013.00727]
 KANG Wei,SUN Yue,SUN Lufeng,et al.Distribution of Phytoplankton in Radial Sand Ridge Area in North Jiangsu Shoal*[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2013,19(02):727.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2013.00727]
[10]冯喻,肖利娟,韦桂峰,等.高州水库水位上升期坝前深水区浮游植物群落的响应特征[J].应用与环境生物学报,2014,20(03):529.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2014.09033]
 FENG Yu,XIAO Lijuan,WEI Guifeng,et al.Responses of phytoplankton community to increasing water level in the lacustrine zone near the dam of a large tropical reservoir: Gaozhou Reservoir, South China[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2014,20(02):529.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2014.09033]

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
国家自然科学基金项目(No. U0733007)和教育部博士点基金(No. 20094401120009)资助
更新日期/Last Update: 2011-04-25