|本期目录/Table of Contents|

[1]郭建英,万方浩,吴岷.不同棉花品种及种植区域对土壤无脊椎动物群落结构的影响[J].应用与环境生物学报,2010,16(02):205-210.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2010.00205]
 GUO Jianying,WAN Fanghao,WU Min.Effects of Cotton Varieties and Planting Areas on Soil Invertebrate Community Structures[J].Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology,2010,16(02):205-210.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1145.2010.00205]
点击复制

不同棉花品种及种植区域对土壤无脊椎动物群落结构的影响()
分享到:

《应用与环境生物学报》[ISSN:1006-687X/CN:51-1482/Q]

卷:
16卷
期数:
2010年02期
页码:
205-210
栏目:
研究论文
出版日期:
2010-04-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
Effects of Cotton Varieties and Planting Areas on Soil Invertebrate Community Structures
文章编号:
200904037
作者:
郭建英万方浩吴岷
(1中国农业科学院植物保护研究所植物病虫害生物学国家重点实验室 北京 100193)
(2南京大学生命科学学院 南京 210093)
Author(s):
GUO JianyingWAN FanghaoWU Min
(1State Key Laboratory for Biology of Plant Diseases and Insect Pests, Institute of Plant Protection, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100193, China)
(2College of Life Sciences, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, Jiangsu, China)
关键词:
转Bt基因棉土壤无脊椎动物群落结构多样性
Keywords:
transgenic Bt cotton soil invertebrate community structure diversity
分类号:
S154.5 : Q788
DOI:
10.3724/SP.J.1145.2010.00205
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
采用干、湿漏斗分离法,在山东省陵县采集了试验田的Bt棉(新棉33B)和常规棉(中棉12)及大田条件下Bt棉的0~15 cm土层中的土壤无脊椎动物,并对其群落结构进行了分析. 结果表明,线虫和螨类是3种类型棉田的优势土壤动物类群,其频度分别为60%~85%和9%~27%. 试验田的常规棉和Bt棉相比,33B棉田土壤动物的类群较多,线虫、鞘翅目、双翅目数量和土壤动物总数均较高,但各土层土壤动物的多样性指数H’和均匀度指数J值均较低. 试验田和大田的33B相比,其土壤动物的类群数相近,但大田33B的轮虫和线蚓数量较高,线虫、蠋、鞘翅目数量和土壤动物总数均较低,各土层土壤动物的多样性和均匀度均较高. Rényi多样性指数曲线也表明,试验田33B棉田的土壤动物多样性高于中棉12,大田33B的土壤动物多样性高于33B试验田. 6~11月期间,各土层土壤动物的数量动态在不同类型棉田趋势基本相同. 7月是中棉12棉田土壤动物数量的高峰期,9月是试验田和大田33B的高峰期. 试验田的中棉12和33B棉田,6~8月土壤动物的多样性指数和均匀度指数变化趋势较为一致;9~10月,33B棉田土壤动物的多样性和均匀度较高. 6~11月,大田33B土壤动物的多样性和均匀度均显著高于试验田33B. 可见,棉花品种和实验地点等因素均可显著影响土壤动物的群落结构. Bt棉33B棉田的土壤动物多样性高于常规棉中棉12;大田33B的土壤动物多样性高于33B试验田. 图2 表4 参29
Abstract:
Soil invertebrates were collected by Tullgren and Baermann funnels from soil at 0~15 cm depth grown with Bt cotton (cv. NuCOTN 33B) and non-Bt cotton (cv. ZM12) in Lingxian, Shandong, China, and their community structures were analyzed. The structures in the experimental plots and fields planted with 33B were also compared. Nematodes and acarids were dominant groups and their frequencies were 60%~85% and 9%~27% in all treatments under survey. Soil invertebrate groups and individuals, as well as nematodes, Coleoptera and Diptera were found more in the plots with 33B than those with non-Bt cv. ZM12. But the Shannon’s diversity and Pielou’s evenness values were significantly lower in the plots with 33B. The numbers of soil invertebrate groups in 33B fields were similar to those in the plots with 33B. There were more Rotatoria and Enchytraelidae, but fewer nematodes, Pauropoda, Coleoptera, and also total invertebrate individuals in 33B fields. The Shannon’s diversity and Pielou’s evenness were significantly higher in 33B fields. From the scalable one-parametric Rényi- diversity profiles, it also showed higher diversity in the plots with 33B than in those with ZM12, and higher diversity in the fields than in the plots both with 33B. From June to November, the abundance of soil invertebrates fluctuated in similar trends in all the treatments. It peaked in July in the plots with ZM12, and in September in the experimental plots and fields with 33B. The diversity and evenness of invertebrates exhibited a similar trend from June to August in 33B and ZM12 plots, but they were higher in September and October in 33B than in ZM12 plots. The diversity and evenness in 33B fields were higher than in 33B plots in the period from June to November. These results indicated that cotton varieties and planting areas could change the soil invertebrate structures significantly. The soil invertebrate diversity was higher in 33B than in ZM12 plots, and higher in 33B fields than in 33B plots. Fig 2, Tab 4, Ref 29

参考文献/References:

1 Jepson PC, Croft BA, Pratt GE. Test systems to determine the ecological risks posed by toxin release from Bacillus thuringiensis genes in crop plant. Mol Ecol, 1994, 3: 81~89
2 Brussaard L. Soil fauna, guilds, functional groups and ecosystem processes. Appl Soil Ecol, 1998, 9: 123~135
3 Haimi J. Decomposer animals and bioremediation of soils. Environ Poll, 2000, 107: 233~238
4 Zhu YH (朱永恒), Pu LJ (濮励杰), Wang ZY (王宗英). Effect of soil pollution on soil animal community structure in suburb of Wuhu, Anhui. Chin J Appl Environ Biol (应用与环境生物学报), 2005, 11 (3): 319~323
5 Sims SR, Martin JW. Effects of the Bacillus thuringiensis insecticidal proteins Cry IA (b), Cry IA (c), Cry IIA, and Cry IIIA on Folsomia candida and Xenylla grisea (Insecta: Collembola). Pedobiologia, 1997, 41 (5): 412~416
6 Griffiths BS, Geoghegan IE, Robertson WM. Testing genetically engineered potato, producing the lectins GNA and Con A, on non-target soil organisms and processes. J Appl Ecol, 2000, 37: 159~170
7 Watrud LS, Seidler RJ. Nontarget ecological effects of plants, microbial, and chemical introductions to terrestrial system. In: Huang PM ed. Soil Chemistry and Ecosystem Health, Special Publication 52. Madison, Wisconsin, USA: Soil Science Society of America, 1998. 313~340
8 Cui JJ (崔金杰), Xia JY (夏敬源). Effects of Bt transgenic cotton (with early maturity) on population dynamic, of main pests and their natural enemies. Acta Gossypii Sin (棉花学报), 1998, 10 (5): 255~262
9 Liu WX (刘万学), Wan FH (万方浩), Guo JY (郭建英). Structure and seasonal dynamics of arthropods in transgenic Bt cotton field. Acta Ecol Sin (生态学报), 2002, 22 (5): 729~735
10 Men XY, Ge F, Liu XH, Yardim EN. Diversity of arthropod communities in transgenic Bt cotton and nontransgenic cotton agroecosystems. Environ Entomol, 2003, 32 (2): 270~275
11 Wu KM, Guo YY. The evolution of cotton pest management practices in China. Annu Rev Entomol, 2005, 50: 31~52
12 Guo JY (郭建英), Wu M (吴岷). Collection method of soil animals. Bull Biol (生物学通报), 1998, 33(3): 38
13 Yin WY (尹文英), et al. Pictorical Keys to Soil Animals of China (中国土壤动物检索图鉴). Beijing, China: Science Press (北京: 科学出版社), 1998
14 Southwood TRE, Henderson PA. Ecological Methods. 3rd ed. Oxford, British: Blackwell Scientific Pulication, 2000
15 Ding YQ (丁岩钦). Mathematic Ecology in Entomology (昆虫数学生态学). Beijing, China: Science Press (北京: 科学出版社), 1994. 437~450
16 Tóthmérész B. Comparison of different methods of diversity ordering. J Vegetation Sci, 1995, 6: 283~290
17 Guo JY (郭建英), Wan FH (万方浩), Hu YH (胡雅辉), Yan Y (严盈). Effects of crop arrangement patterns on arthropod community structures in transgenic bollworm-resistant cotton fields. Chin J Appl Ecol (应用生态学报), 2007, 18 (9): 2061~2068
18 Tóthmérész B. DivOrd 1.50: A program for diversity ordering. Tiscia, 1993, 27: 33~44
19 Deng X (邓欣), Zhao TC (赵廷昌), Gao BD (高必达), Zhang YJ (张永军), Sun FZ (孙福在). Advance on the biosafety assessment of insect-resistant transgenic cotton. Acta Ecol Sin (生态学报), 2006, 26(12): 4244~4249
20 Du SY (林社裕), Liang JS (梁建生), Chen Y (陈云). Research of invertebrate affected by transgenic Bt cotton. Acta Acad Med Nantong (南通医学院学报), 2004, 24 (4): 377~378
21 Zhang X (张欣), Ke X (柯欣), Mao BZ (毛碧增), He ZH (何祖华). Effects of chitanase and glucanase transgenic rice on three species of soil Collembola and one species of Annelida. Zool Res (动物学研究), 2004, 25 (4): 273~280
22 Oger P, Petit A, Dessaux Y. Genetically engineered plants producing opines alter their biological environment. Nat Biotechnol, 1997, 15: 369~372
23 Donegan KK, Seidler RJ, Fieland VJ. Decomposition of genetically engineered tobacco under field conditions: persistence of the proteinase inhibitorⅠproduct and effects on soil microbial respiration and protozoa, nematode and microarthropod populations. J Appl Ecol, 1997, 34: 767~777
24 Yu YS (余月书), Yang YZ (杨益众), Lu YH (陆宴辉). Response of parasitic wasps of cotton bollworm to different cotton varieties with transgenic Bacillus thuringiensis genes. Chin J Appl Ecol (应用生态学报), 2004, 15 (5): 845~848
25 Guo XM (郭香墨). New Cotton Varieties and Fine Variety Breeding Techniques (棉花新品种与良种繁育技术). Beijing, China: Jindun Press (北京: 金盾出版社), 1997. 9~10
26 Hoy VW, Feldman J, Gould F, Kennedy GG, Reed G, Wyman JA. Naturally occourring biological controls in genetically engineered crops. In: Barbosa P ed. Conservation Biological Control. London, UK: Academic Press, 1998. 185~205
27 Saegusa A. Japan tightens rule on GM crops to protect the environment. Nature, 1999, 399: 719
28 Shen P (沈平), ZhangYJ (张永军), Chen Y (陈洋), Wu KM (吴孔明), Peng YF (彭于发), Guo YY (郭予元). Detection for persistence of Bt gene and Bt insecticidal proteins in soil after multiple years of Bt cotton planting. Cotton Sci (棉花学报), 2008, 29 (1): 79~ inside back cover
29 Zhu XY (朱新玉), Gao BJ (高宝嘉), Yuan SL (袁胜亮), Hu YC (胡云川). Structure and seasonal change of soil arthropod communities in forest-stepoe ecotone. Chin J Appl Environ Biol (应用与环境生物学报), 2008, 14 (5): 635~639

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
国家重点基础研究发展计划(“973”计划)项目(No. 2006CB102004)和转基因生物新品种培育重大专项(2008ZX08012-004)资助 Supported by the State Key Basic R & D Program of China (973 Program, Grant No. 2006CB102004) and the Special Fund for Cultivation and Breeding of Transgenic Crops of China (2008ZX08012-004)
更新日期/Last Update: 2010-04-20